Monday, 2 May 2016

More on Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna.....Study these passages and apply them to to-day....perhaps....

Antonio López de Santa Anna

(Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón)

A Chronology

     It will or should be noted by the reader that following graphic below these comments are prepared in the most Spartan sensibility.....perhaps a Jack Webb / Sergeant Friday moment.   We think it best to use such a "Just the facts, Ma'am" approach so as to avoid the fixation people tend to have with stereotypes concerning the gloriousness of despots with fancy uniforms.  We might allow that Lopez de Santa Anna is possibly the most audacious and self-absorbed of all the high names and personalities of the New World.   He is most certainly among, at the very least, the top fifty.

     The wonder is most certainly that he could come and go, approach and sit upon the Throne of Mexico, and then abandon said throne long before any programme....economic, national infrastructural, criminal and civil law, foreign relations....could ever be adequately put into place and action.

     He has been pictured to the public as a slight man, of short stature.   We see him, at times, compared to Napoleon Bonaparte....who was short....thereby explaining Antonio's peacockery and posturing as a product of the inferiority complex that he derived from being short.   But...he was not short.   For his day, in fact, he was "high-moderate" or "low-tall".   His height was normally estimated to be what would now be 5 foot 10 inches and his weight no more or less than 145 pounds....without his formal 20 pounds of uniform, epaulets, medals and medallions, and boots and  headdress.   Travis, Bowie, Sequin, de Zavala would have been "body doubles" in the dark.

     It is probable that he had a form of mild epilepsy, not because he was in the habit of taking opium and/or cocaine, and significant amounts of the powder 'lithium carbonate;  along with wine of the very best European and Mexican and New World vintages.   But, we must remember that such prescriptions were commonly rendered by the physicians at that time, especially for patients who had money and position.
     Hear these comfortable words of Wikipedia concerning lithium:
     In 1843, lithium carbonate was used as a new solvent for stones in the bladder. In 1859, some doctors recommended a therapy with lithium salts for a number of ailments, including gouturinary calculirheumatismmaniadepression, and headache. In 1948, John Cade discovered the antimanic effects of lithium ions. This finding led lithium, specifically lithium carbonate, to be used to treat mania associated with bipolar disorder.
    Lithium carbonate is used to treat mania, the elevated phase of bipolar disorder. Lithium ions interfere with ion transport processes (see “sodium pump”) that relay and amplify messages carried to the cells of the brain.[8] Mania is associated with irregular increases in protein kinase C (PKC) activity within the brain. Lithium carbonate and sodium valproate, another drug traditionally used to treat the disorder, act in the brain by inhibiting PKC’s activity and help to produce other compounds that also inhibit the PKC.[9] Despite these findings, a great deal remains unknown regarding lithium's mood-controlling properties.[citation needed]
     Use of lithium salts exhibit a number of risks and side effects, especially at higher doses. Lithium intoxication affects the central nervous and renal systems and is potentially lethal.

The site of the old Hacienda Manga del Clavo
     While this above analysis speaks to a date of 1843 as being the time of the "coming out" of Lithium, it had been used in Europe, especially for titled people, and the wealthy, and others of the endowed classes since the earliest part of the 18th Century....especially in France, and the German principalities.   It might have been used even earlier in Turkey and Persia.
The Hacienda El Lencero - Lopez de Santa Anna's
Favourite property....only a few miles from Manga del
Clavo, which was destroyed by the American Military
during the Mexican - American War

     Concerning this chronology, below-included, we urge the reader to understand that each time His Excellency would decide to either abandon or re-occupy the Presidential Throne, it was a matter of an extremely arduous journey.....from low to high altitude....bananas that produced year around and elhechos arboleras (ferns the size of large trees).....and crossing into or back out of places that have known no month without significant snowfall.   From Manga del Clavo at 2,000 feet above sea level, crossing mountain passes at nearly 10,000 feet above sea level, either way arriving to or leaving from the City of Mexico at 7,600 feet elevation, the journey could take ten days or a month or perhaps even more.  If the rains were to be extremely heavy during the two rainy seasons, it might require a couple of months, at times, to travel the 140 mile distance, (in those times) .

To-morrow, we shall try to put an end to some of this wistful and pointless eulogy to a Supreme Narcissist.   There are two two or three telling points about this individual that will help further compound the perplexity he causes and also cause the reader to wonder why someone did not take him out back and do humanity a favour.

Biographical Note

President of Mexico.
Born 1794 or 1795 in Jalapa; died 1876 in Mexico City.
Began military career in 1810; promoted to brigadier general in 1822. Offices and honors include: governor of Yucatan (ca. 1825 and 1829), governor of Veracruz (1828), benemérito de la patria (1829), and benemérito en grado heróico (1835).

Santa Anna was first named president of Mexico on March 30, 1833, which position he repeatedly abdicated and resumed until leaving the office for the final time in 1855.

He led Mexican forces in 1835 and 1836 in the campaign against Texas independence, and in 1847 in the war with the United States. During the latter he served alternately as president and as military commander.

Santa Anna spent repeated periods of exile in the Caribbean.
Upon one return to Mexico in February 1864, he promptly was deported by General Achille Bazaine for failing to abide by the terms of the agreement allowing his reentry. Santa Anna was imprisoned in 1867 then exiled until 1874, when he returned to Mexico under a general amnesty.
He died in poverty in Mexico City on June 20, 1876.

21 Feb 1794/5born in Jalapa, Veracruz
6 July 1810entered the Veracruz infantry as a cadet
13 March 1811went with his regiment to Tampico to suppress insurgents working for the separation of Texas
1813returned to Veracruz, promoted for bravery to first lieutenant
1814made aide to General Dávila, royalist commander of Veracruz
March 1816promoted to captain
March 1821given command of troops in Veracruz, sent to rescue Orizaba and Córdoba from pro-independence forces
23 March 1821arrived in Orizaba, defeated the insurgent Miranda
29 March 1821General Herrera arrived, as did dispatch from Viceroy making Santa Anna lieutenant colonel as reward for Miranda's defeat; Santa Anna joined Herrera in support of Iturbide
25 April 1821
July 1821surrounded Veracruz and suggested that his old protector General Dávila surrender to him; Dávila successfully resisted
21 July 1821
27 Sept 1821Trigarante army entered Mexico City
28 Sept 1821Regency established
25 Oct 1822
16 Nov 1822suspicious of Santa Anna, Iturbide arrived in Jalapa, removed Santa Anna from his command, ordered him to join the Junta de Guerra in Mexico City; Santa Anna instead returned to Veracruz
2 Dec 1822in Veracruz, Santa Anna proclaimed ?la República,? declared Iturbide's reign ?invalid,? demanded new Congreso Constituyente
1 Feb 1823Plan de Casa Mata signed
19 March 1823
5 June 1823
25 April 1825
30 Dec 1826 (23 Dec 1827?)Vicente Guerrero sent to put down Montaño's rebellion at Otumba; Santa Anna offered his services to Guerrero
7 January 1828
1 Sept 1828Congress declared Pedraza president and Vicente Guerrero vice-president
12 Sept 1828Santa Anna demanded that presidency be given to Guerrero
3 Dec 1828Pedraza fled the presidency
8 Dec 1828Guerrero named secretary of war
1 April 1829
27 July 1829Spanish under Barradas took Tampico
11 Sept 1829
4 Oct 1829Santa Anna returned to Veracruz
4 Dec 1829refused to administer the Plan of Jalapa with Bustamante against Guerrero
3 Jan 1830renounced his politico-military duties
2 Jan 1832
March 1832Santa Anna defeated by government forces
5 Oct 1832Pedraza returned from the U.S.
24 Dec 1832Pedraza assumed presidency in Puebla
3 Jan 1833Pedraza and Santa Anna entered Mexico City
30 March 1833Santa Anna named President, with Gómez Farías as vice-president
1 April 1833Gómez Farías became president as Santa Anna pleaded ill health; Farías'policies proved unpopular
16 May 1833Santa Anna resumed presidency
3 June 1833
5 July 1833Santa Anna pursued Arista
12 Oct 1833defeated Arista in Guanajuato
27 Oct 1833Santa Anna resumed presidency
15 Dec 1833left presidency, requesting from Congress 6 months' leave because of his health
24 April 1834Santa Anna resumed presidency
27 Jan 1835Santa Anna left presidency
11 May 1835
26 Feb 1836entered Texas, attacked Alamo
6 Mar 1836attacked presidio of Espíritu Santo
21 Apr 1836defeated by Houston at San Jacinto
18 Jan 1837interviewed by U.S. President Jackson
21 Feb 1837returned to Veracruz by boat, to the cheers of the populace
27 Nov 1838French fired on San Juan de Ulúa, Santa Anna defended
5 Dec 1838lost leg
20 March 1839Santa Anna succeeded Bustamante as interim president
30 April 1839defeated federalists Mejía and Urrea at Acajete
10 July 1839surrendered presidency to Nicolás Bravo
10 Oct 1841Santa Anna resumed presidency
26 Oct 1842returned presidency to Bravo
4 March 1843
4 Oct 1843surrendered presidency to Canalizo
4 June 1844Santa Anna took oath as constitutional president
7 Sept 1844obtained leave of absence from presidency
19 Nov 1844
3 June 1845Santa Anna left Veracruz for Havana
4 Aug 1846Paredes y Arrillaga removed from office
22 Aug 1846Santa Anna returned to Veracruz, proclaiming the reestablishment of the Constitution of 1824
6 Dec 1846
26 Jan 1847Santa Anna attacked Taylor
23 Feb 1847declared victory at Buena Vista and withdrew from the field
21 March 1847Santa Anna resumed presidency
2 April 1847
20 May 1847
16 Sept 1847surrendered presidency, escaped via Guatemala or the U.S., sailed to Jamaica then to Turbaco, Colombia
1 April 1853returned to Veracruz
19 April 1853made triumphal entry into Mexico City
20 April 1853Santa Anna resumed the Presidency
16 Dec 1853Council of State gave Santa Anna "facultades omnímodas,"(omnipotent faculties) and title of "alteza serenísima" (Most Serene Highness)
1 March 1854Plan of Ayutla against Santa Anna
9 Aug 1855
27 Feb 1864Santa Anna returned to Veracruz, promising Bazaine not to be politically active, but continued seeking support
12 March 1864Bazaine deported Santa Anna from Veracruz
Jan 1866Santa Anna visited by U.S. Secretary of State Seward on island of St. Thomas
3 June 1867Santa Anna returned to Veracruz, claiming U.S. endorsement
4 June 1867Santa Anna taken with U.S. help to Sisal, Yucatán, and imprisoned
30 July 1867
2 Nov 1867Santa Anna sailed to Havana, then to the Bahamas
1874Santa Anna allowed to return to Mexico by Lerdo de Tejada under a general amnesty

20 June 1876died in poverty in Mexico City

More later, 
El Gringo Viejo